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Intersex is characterized as a condition in which the individual has atypical sex characteristics that may be further divided into a number of categories. Generally, discrepancy exists between the external sex organs (i.e., penis or vagina) and the internal reproductive system (i.e., ovaries or testes). For instance, a person may have the internal organs of a female though externally appearing male. Historically, these conditions were referred to as hermaphrodism. From a mental health perspective, an understanding of these conditions and the manner in which they may have affected the socioemotional and sexual identity development of clients with these conditions is imperative to providing relevant and informed services and referrals.

It is important to differentiate between individuals who identify as intersex and those who identify as transgender. ...

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