Procedural justice focuses on the perceived fairness of procedures and processes used in dispute resolution, decision making, and resource allocation. Procedural justice may be contrasted with distributive justice, which focuses on the perceived fairness of the outcomes distributed or allocated, and interactional justice, which focuses on the perceived fairness of the interpersonal treatment they receive from another person. Interactional justice has two components: informational justice (explanations provided about how procedures were implemented or why outcomes were distributed in a certain way) and interpersonal justice (people are treated with respect and dignity).

Theories of Procedural Justice

In 1975, John Thibaut and Laurens Walker published their groundbreaking book, Procedural Justice: A Psychological Analysis. As such, they are responsible for the emergence of the social psychology of procedural justice. ...

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