Patriotism is an elusive concept: It refers to the love of—and attachment to—one’s own country, and to positive attitudes and beliefs related to it. Patriotism is an important motivational force in the political behavior of individuals and groups. On the one hand, it helps to foster solidarity and unity among group members; on the other hand, it helps to mobilize them when necessary. Patriotism is studied in many disciplines, including political science, history, and philosophy. This entry discusses different definitions and categorizations of patriotism from the perspectives of social psychology, with a particular focus on whether patriotism leads to outgroup hostility.

Different Definitions of Patriotism

Patriotism is defined in scientific literature in various ways. First, patriotism is referred to as a positive emotion, as in-group love, ...

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