Twenty-first-century globalization has caused an increase in contact between humans. Modern globalization results from vast movements of people around the world, which is further characterized through an evolutionary context. The influx of groups with diverse cultural attributes can create intergroup tensions. These tensions can manifest as conflict, sometimes leading to violence.

These challenges have inspired a framework for thought regarding the organization and interaction of societies. Rapid intergroup contact often lacks a basis for preadaptation that can threaten the natural process of group evolution. Threats to group identity often trigger dysfunctional defense mechanisms. The consequences of this phenomenon can be detrimental, producing radicalization, terrorism, and war. The concepts of assimilation and multiculturalism are generally attributed to managing group relations. Omniculturalism is offered as a third ...

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