Corporatism is a form of interest representation and intermediation in which functional interests of society, namely capital and labor, are granted a monopoly of representation by the state that shares its policy-making power with them. In order to perform this role, organizations of labor (trade unions) and capital (employer organizations) must be sufficiently encompassing and centralized.


Corporatism is a contested and ambiguous concept used to characterize very different realities in different historical moments. It was originally coined to define the organization of interests under totalitarian regimes inspired by the social doctrine of the Catholic Church that viewed in corporatist ideas a solution to the social question posed by industrialization and the growth of the proletariat in the late 19th century. However, a similar organization of ...

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