Torture is defined as the systematic infliction of physical, emotional, or psychological pain and potential injury to a subject who is restrained or otherwise captive with an inability to provide a defense. Torture has historically been sanctioned and conducted by individuals, groups, and states. The implementation of torture can occur over minutes or extend to several weeks or even longer time periods, and it generally encompasses interrogation, coercion, revenge, punishment, brainwashing, or deterrence of the subject. Torture may be nonlethal or intentionally fatal, and in many cases, the torturer is unconcerned with the condition of the target. Certain methods of torture inflict psychological and emotional trauma by design, rather than focusing on physical discomfort or pain. Some lethal forms of torture are extended over ...

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