Aggressive capitulation is the use of fear to compel individuals and/or groups to surrender or yield to the demands of an aggressor. It is a psychological tool used by individuals, groups, and states to achieve domination. Aggressive capitulation involves a threat—explicit or implicit—designed to compel individuals or groups to behave a certain way out of fear of the consequences for failing to submit to the aggressor’s demands. This entry first provides an overview of the elements of aggressive capitulation, focusing on how the use of threat shapes the individual’s or group’s response to demands, concluding with a brief discussion of the efficacy and vulnerabilities of such an approach. It then introduces and discusses recent trends in the use of aggressive capitulation by terrorist organizations, ...

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