Heroin remains one of the most popular legal and illicit preparations within the opioid family of substances. As a substance, it is classified as a narcotic analgesic and used in the management of pain within the fields of general medicine and health care. Heroin is a simple preparation of diamorphine and comes from the larger drug family of opioids. All opioids are extracted from the opium poppy and are further refined using semi- and fully synthetic methods to produce derivatives such as heroindiamorphine. The organic product used to produce heroin-diamorphine is opium. Opium is cultivated across the globe but has a significant presence in both southwest and southeast Asia, including the countries of Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Myanmar, and Thailand. Heroin is a controlled drug ...

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