Germany is a northern European country with a population of 81.0 million (July 2014 estimate), of whom 75.1 percent live in urban areas. Berlin is the capital and largest city, with a population of 3.5 million. Germany is classified as a high-income country by the World Bank, with a per capita gross domestic product (GDP) of U.S. $44,700 in 2014, 27th-highest in the world. The German economy is the largest in Europe, and the German population is the second-largest in Europe, after Russia.


Life expectancy at birth in Germany is 80.7 years, ranked sixth in the world in 2013. Total fertility is low, at 1.4 children per woman, and the population growth rate is slightly negative, at −0.2 percent annually, with net migration (1.06 migrants per ...

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