European Medicines Agency

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) is a European Union agency for the evaluation of medicinal products. The organization is based in London, United Kingdom. The legal basis for the EMA is set out in European Union law: Directive 2001/82/EC (veterinary) and Directive 2001/83/EC (medicinal).


The EMA was established in 1995 with funding from the European Union and the pharmaceutical industry (through the setting of drug approval fees) in an attempt to complement the work of existing national medicine regulatory bodies. The EMA replaced two existing bodies: the Committee for Proprietary Medicinal Products and the Committee for Veterinary Medicinal Products (both of these bodies were absorbed into the EMA structure and remain as divisions within it). From 1995 to 2004, the EMA was known as the ...

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