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Cardiovascular pharmacology is the branch of pharmacology that deals with the drugs used to treat cardiovascular disease, a category including diseases associated with the blood vessels, the heart, or both, as well as drugs influencing aspects of the nervous system and endocrine system that affect and regulate cardiovascular function.

Cardiovascular Diseases

Although mortality rates from cardiovascular diseases have dropped in many developed countries, cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of deaths globally. One antecedent of cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, may begin early in life, though cardiovascular disease normally affects older populations. Risk factors for cardiovascular diseases include hypertension (high blood pressure), high cholesterol levels, diabetes, obesity or overweight, ethnic background, a family history of heart disease, a lack of exercise, smoking, and so forth. Also, one’s degree of ...

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