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The anatomy and physiology of male and female bodies differ considerably and, as a result, the pharmacology of medicine throughout the body is also different. This is important for the use of drugs in society, as an awareness of how gender can affect the function of medicine is essential for the safe and effective use of medications. The changes are not due to one sole factor but rather a combination of many that contribute to the effect of the medication in men and women. A sound understanding of the anatomy, physiology, and pharmacokinetics of the body and the pharmacodynamics of drugs is essential to grasp this concept.

Some conditions are exclusive to women’s health, particularly those related to female reproduction organs, contraception, pregnancy, and menopause. These ...

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