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The U.S. Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) is a scientific nonprofit organization that sets standards for the identity, strength, quality, and purity of medicines, food ingredients, and dietary supplements that are manufactured, distributed, and consumed worldwide. The USP publishes the U.S. Pharmacopeia. The standards set by the USP are observed in over 140 countries, and within the United States are enforced by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The USP is headquartered in the U.S. city of Rockville, Maryland.

History

The USP was founded in 1820 with the assistance of 11 physicians. The first version of its pharmacopeia, released the same year, contained 217 products. In 1848, the pharmacopeia was officially recognized by the U.S. federal government. In 1975, the USP (organization) acquired the National Formulary and Drug ...

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