Rural settings refer not only to characteristics related to an area’s demographics and geography but also to a culturally defined marker of identity constructed relationally and socially beyond geographic location. Policy makers and agencies describe rural settings in contrast to what is urban—as geographic entities defined by land use, population density, economic pursuits, and proximity to a metropolitan area. Rural education researchers propose to define rural as everyday interactions and events, tied to place, that constitute a rural life world and a place-dependent sense of belonging. Across contexts, rural settings differ widely and are determined in relation to the local. Place-based education is associated with rural settings and considers learning that is responsive to the local community. This entry first provides information about the ...

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