Problem-based learning (PBL) can be defined as an instructional approach that supports students’ active construction of knowledge through immersion in an ill-structured problem. PBL specialists use the term ill-structured to characterize two main elements: There is neither one correct solution nor a single solution path. Learning in PBL occurs through the process of addressing the central question. The assumption is that immersion in significant and consequential experiences will result in deep, meaningful learning. Because learning is grounded in an authentic problem and realistic context, PBL has been adopted and adapted into a wide range of settings, both in school and out of school. The outcomes of PBL have been widely documented, consistently showing benefits for decision making, problem solving, critical reasoning, team-based skills, and self-directed ...

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