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One-to-One Device Initiatives

One-to-one device initiatives, programs in which each student receives his or her own laptop or other digital device for school use, have become more widespread in the past decade as device costs have declined and interest in educational technology has increased. One-to-one device use reduces the amount of time spent mastering hardware and software in shared environments, allowing more time for learning. Teachers can count on device availability and are not required to plan around shared access. Since some one-to-one programs allow students to bring their devices home, the increased access to digital devices provides additional opportunities for out-of-school learning. This entry discusses the history of one-to-one device initiatives, research findings on the effects of these initiatives, and some of the criticism of the initiatives.

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