Krumping is a form of hip-hop street dance that originated in the early 2000s in South Los Angeles. It is highly expressive and frenetic, full of sharp, angular, energetic movements such as stomps and jabs. Krumping takes place in “battles” or “sessions,” in which large groups of up to 30 or 40 dancers congregate in a circle, while single dancers take turns dancing in the center. It is considered a positive way to release pent-up aggression and anger, providing a nonviolent alternative to gang involvement. Of interest to educational researchers, krumping is a community of practice that exists entirely outside school contexts, initiates new members gradually without rigid hierarchies or mentorship structures, and promotes collective agency. Producing videos of krump performances also allows youth ...

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