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Digital Divide

The term digital divide refers to the inequality of access to computers and the Internet. Today, this term has been expanded beyond the simple binary to include not only physical access but also the ability to use technology meaningfully. Inequalities in physical access and meaningful use of technology exist among people of different income levels, education, community type, age, and race/ethnicity, which may affect educational outcomes. This entry reviews the use of the term over time, presents statistics on access both in the United States and throughout the world, reviews the digital divide in education, and discusses initiatives aimed at reducing this divide.

History and Early Initiatives

The term digital divide has evolved over time. In the 1990s, the Internet started to grow in popularity. During this ...

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