Cosmopolitanism refers to one’s allegiance to a planetary humanity over more immediate affiliations, including those of nationhood. Philosopher Martha Nussbaum, among others, has traced the concept to the Greek Cynic Diogenes, who referred to himself as kosmopolitês, or “citizen of the world.” Cosmopolitanism’s emphasis on global citizenship involves being open to others different from oneself and thinking outside the interests of one’s own tribe, region, or state. This entry discusses why cosmopolitanism has emerged as a useful concept, what its affordances and critiques have been, and how the term has been taken up empirically in the field of education.

Why Cosmopolitanism?

There are at least three major reasons for a resurging interest in concepts such as cosmopolitanism within the transnational turn in educational theory and research. First, ...

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