An apprenticeship is a formal educational practice with the following key elements:

  • Educative relationship that is between an apprentice (learner/newcomer) and a master (skilled practitioner/old-timer)
  • Employment where an apprentice participates in the master’s work practices and contributes legitimate output to the master’s ongoing work
  • Instruction that is primarily a hands-on experience while working, typically one-on-one interaction between the master and the apprentice, and is conducted within the context, tools, and materials of the master’s authentic work practices
  • Curriculum that is reproductive, grounded in, and organized by the master’s time-honored ongoing, day-to-day work practices
  • Commitment, historically contractual in nature, where an apprentice typically agrees to the work relationship for a set period of time
  • An educational and employment outcome that typically provides the apprentice with entry into a certain, specific occupation ...
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