The integrated circuit (IC), more commonly referred to as chip or microchip, represents an important stage in the history of circuitry, modes of production, and societal formation. The IC takes advantage of three-dimensional design and the semiconductor properties of silicon to create a cheap and efficient circuit that can be easily introduced into a larger machine. ICs are extremely versatile and serve in many technologies, such as computer memory, amplifiers, microprocessors, and oscillators. While the technological benefits of ICs are many, they have also had lasting effects on the world, changing economic realities as well as the ways in which we interact with each other. Integrated circuitry and microchip technology have also provided salient metaphors for schools of critical thought in the past few decades. ...

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