Guyana is a country in South America, bordering Brazil, Suriname, and Venezuela. In February 2019, its population was estimated at 773,000, showing an increase of 40,000 since 2017. Although Guyana’s legal system advocates the rule of law and protection of human rights, implementation is problematic, as national human rights institutions are not well established. Urban violence and crime are rife. Elections often incite ethnic tensions as the system promotes one-party rule. However, with a 98.1% literacy rate, people are generally free to express their views without fear of retaliation or other consequences. Individuals are free to practice and express their religious faith or nonbelief in public and private space. However, social discrimination based on race, gender, socioeconomics, and sexual orientation occurs.

Political parties may form freely ...

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