Cyberbullying is bullying that occurs through electronic forms of communication, such as email, instant messaging, chat rooms, webpages, social media, and text messaging. This entry further defines cyberbullying, focusing on the behavior among schoolchildren and how it differs from traditional bullying within this population. It then discusses prevalence rates of cyberbullying, risk and protective factors, outcomes of cyberbullying involvement, and prevention and intervention measures.


Many have questioned whether cyberbullying is a unique form of bullying or merely an extension of traditional bullying. Indeed, cyberbullying and traditional bullying are both acts of aggression that are intended to cause harm; they are both often repeated over time; and they both occur among individuals whose relationship is characterized by a power imbalance.

Despite similarities, traditional bullying and cyberbullying differ in ...

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