The Republic of Azerbaijan is located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia, with Russia to the north, Georgia on the northwest, Armenia to the west, and Iran to the south. With a population of 9 million and an area of 86,600 square kilometers, Azerbaijan is located on the Silk Road, the favored overland transit route between East and West for centuries. Following a brief overview of Azerbaijan’s history, this entry describes the status of the country’s media, including print, television, radio, social media, and the Internet. The entry concludes with a discussion of media freedom and censorship under the current regime.

Historical Background

Human settlement in the region dates back to prehistory. It has been inhabited successively by the Scythians in the 9th century BCE, the ...

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