Angola, a nation of 30 million people in southwestern Africa, gained independence from Portugal in November 1975 after almost 400 years of colonial rule. Independence was followed by a 27-year civil war that led to severe restrictions on press freedom. This entry discusses the history of Angola, the state role in the country’s media system, and the print and broadcast news media in Angola. It then looks at the role of the economic elite in Angola’s media sector.


Agostinho Neto, leader of the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), one of the groups engaged in the war against Portuguese colonial rule, became the first president of Angola when it became independent in 1975. The MPLA established a communist regime with a state-controlled economy. The ...

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