A dry, landlocked country in Central Asia, the Republic of Uzbekistan is bordered on the north by Kazakhstan, on the northeast by Kyrgyzstan, with Tajikistan to the southeast, Afghanistan to the south, and Turkmenistan to the southwest. Its capital city is Tashkent, and its official languages are Uzbek and Russian. Following a brief history of the country, this entry provides an overview of the social, economic, and political environment in contemporary Uzbekistan, with particular attention to the status of mass media. The entry concludes with a discussion of online media freedom and government policy.

Historical Background

In ancient times (8th to 6th centuries BCE), the territory was settled by nomadic peoples who established kingdoms that eventually became absorbed into the Persian Empire. In the 7th century ...

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