Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a democratic country in East Asia, one of the Four Asian Tiger states, with a liberal mass media system. The total area of Taiwan is about 36,000 square kilometers, similar to the size of the Netherlands, with a population of approximately 23.6 million. The relationship with its neighbor China, which disputes its sovereignty, polarizes Taiwan’s political system and media landscape.

This entry provides an overview of the historical development of Taiwan characterized by Japanese colonialization, the separation from Mainland China in the Chinese Civil War after World War II, and the long period of martial law under the Kuomintang (KMT) regime until 1987—all of which have contributed to the shaping of the media system. Then the entry explores ...

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