Located in the Himalayas, Nepal is a country of approximately 30 million people surrounded by the two Asian giants, India and China. It is also in close proximity to Bhutan and Bangladesh but does not share a border with them. Nepal has had a history of political turmoil. In 1950, the 104-year-old Rana dynasty’s rule over Nepal ended with the establishment of a multiparty system. However, within a decade, King Gyanendra replaced the system with one under which, although people could elect their representatives, the power remained with the King. In 1990, the multiparty system was introduced again after the King faced backlash from the people during the Jana Andolan or the People’s Movement. The lack of a stable political ideology led to the beginning ...

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