Modernism was a movement that emerged in Western art and literature of the late 19th century and the early 20th century. It was an aesthetic response to the rapid changes sweeping across all aspects of life at the turn of the century in the West. The industrialization of the European economy and the urbanization of its population resulted in a significant series of cultural transformations that gave birth to new ideas and radical techniques of expression in creative fields. Historians generally consider the 1890s to be the beginnings and the 1930s as the end of the modernist epoch. In that period, the fast-paced technological and scientific advances energized the society by encouraging people to embrace the new, experiment with their novel ideas, and break away ...

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