Postdoctoral training is professional preparation that occurs as part of a temporary position—typically a temporary academic position—after earning a doctorate. Although earning a doctorate in marriage and family therapy, counseling, or psychology already gives someone advanced training and a degree in that area, postdoctoral training allows someone to gain specialized experience through mentored research and/or training. In this entry, the purpose, history, and drawbacks of postdoctoral training are reviewed.

Purpose of Postdoctoral Training

Although people who want to be clinicians may enter into postdoctoral training to further training in clinical work, typically postdoctoral training is to further skills in research and/or teaching. Trainees can focus on attaining additional research skills, grant-writing skills, publishing, and experience in teaching. All of these are important skills for getting tenured (permanent) ...

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