Non–Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Arousal Disorders in Children

Non–rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep arousal disorders in children are defined by partial arousal during periods of sleep, typically associated with night terrors and/or sleepwalking. NREM sleep arousal is a type of parasomnia where undesired events or behaviors occur during sleep. This entry first discusses the stages of sleep and then discusses the symptoms, causes, and treatment of NREM arousal disorders. It concludes with a discussion of how counselors can help families who are struggling with this issue.

Stages of Sleep

Sleep disorders occur during different phases of sleep; therefore, it is important to be familiar with the stages of sleep to help in accurate diagnosis and treatment. There are four stages that make up one full cycle of sleep. The stages are differentiated by eye movement ...

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