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Chronic medical conditions can have profound effects on people beyond just biological symptoms or physical incapacitation. These restricting conditions, such as the inability to have a child, can affect one’s thoughts, moods, emotions, behaviors, relationships, families, and ability to make meaning or sense out of significant life events. Infertility, or involuntary childlessness, is a prime example of a medical condition that has whole-person influence and implications for whole-person treatment. Viewing infertility through a biopsychosocial-spiritual lens can guide those involved in the treatment of this condition toward a more complete, collaborative, and family-centered approach to care. In this entry, the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual aspects of infertility will be discussed, as well as available treatment options.

The Biology of Infertility

Definitions of infertility vary based on ...

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