Elimination disorders are defined by the inappropriate release of feces or urine from the body and are typically categorized as encopresis (fecal incontinence) and enuresis (urinary incontinence). Elimination disorders may be triggered by a physical condition or a psychiatric condition; therefore, it is critical for medical issues or medication side effects to be ruled out as a cause of the disorder. This entry examines encopresis, enuresis, and evidence-based treatments of both.


Encopresis, also referred to as fecal incontinence, is characterized by repeated bowel movements in inappropriate places such as in clothing or on the floor. The behavior may or may not be purposeful. This should not be confused with toileting accidents, which are frequent for young children. Instead, encopresis should be considered only when the ...

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