Birth Control and Contraception

Birth control is the medical or behavioral act of attempting to prevent pregnancy either before or after sexual intercourse. The term may also apply to an actual device or medication used to prevent pregnancy. Humans have attempted to find ways to control when and if pregnancy occurs for centuries, with the effectiveness, safeness, and general acceptability of those various methods fluctuating over time. This entry reviews the history of birth control as well as related religious/moral and political issues. It also reviews various types of birth control currently available, along with possible relational issues and considerations.


The history of birth control dates back to seventh century BCE Chinese writings in which ancient physicians discussed types of intercourse, and sexual practices such as the withdrawal method were ...

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