Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections and illnesses generally acquired by sexual contact. The microorganisms that cause STIs are transmitted from person to person through blood, semen, vaginal, and other bodily fluids. Some STIs are transmitted by a mother to her unborn child during pregnancy or during the birthing process. Many STIs are asymptomatic, and individuals may not even know they are infected. Individuals may in fact appear and feel healthy. It is important to the overall health of a client and to that of his or her partners for a therapist to inquire about an individual’s sexual health, practice, actions, and health concerns. In addition, it is important to help individuals, couples, and parents gain knowledge on STIs and how to communicate about preventing ...

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