Sex researchers, also known as sexologists, study human sexual behavior. The formal study of human sexuality began in the 19th century when scientists began exploring, through different methodologies, sex as a research subject. This entry discusses the work of sex researchers who are considered pioneers in the field, associations and academic journals involved in sex research today, and how counselors can make use of research into sex and sexuality.

Pioneers of Sex Research

The published works of Sigmund Freud, Henry Havelock Ellis, Alfred Kinsey, and William Masters and Virginia Johnson challenged literary, philosophical, and religious ideas by approaching the study of sexuality as a science. The following brief descriptions highlight the major contributions of these scientists along with other prominent individuals in the field of sex research.

Sigmund ...

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