Cooperation can be defined as the process of working or acting together toward the same ends or goals that have mutual benefits. It is an individual behavior that benefits a group or collective. Cooperation contrasts with competition that is defined as working for one’s own benefit. Important considerations in the definition of cooperation are the notions that those involved are working together to achieve a common goal and that these efforts are usually voluntary.

Cooperation is seen in many distinct species—from insects to humans. In addition, cooperation is seen in people across all stages of the lifespan, in groups of people, in companies and other social institutions, as well as in nations. But why do people cooperate when it sometimes involves making personal sacrifices to cooperate ...

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