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Cognitive Training and Cognitive Intervention

This entry describes training and intervention techniques used to enhance cognitive skills across the lifespan, from childhood to older adulthood. The entry first outlines the goals of cognitive training and intervention and then discusses computerized and noncomputerized training methodologies that seek to enhance cognitive function.

Goals of Cognitive Training Across the Lifespan

The goal of cognitive training at all points of the lifespan is to improve cognitive functioning, a broad phrase for mental abilities including but not limited to memory, selective attention, planning, and reasoning. People use their cognitive faculties every day. As such, improvements in specific cognitive abilities can affect day-to-day activities.

For example, people use “selective attention” when they detect the stoplight turning from green to yellow in a busy intersection, “working memory” when they ...

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