This entry describes the adolescent–parent relationship and changes in this relationship as adolescence progresses. The entry focuses on the role that adolescent–parent closeness, adolescent–parent conflict, and discrepant adolescent–parent perceptions play in adolescent development and the mastery of developmental tasks.

Adolescent–Parent Closeness

The majority of adolescents worldwide have close relationships with their parents. Nonetheless, adolescents report lower levels of closeness to their parents and satisfaction with their family as adolescence progresses. Decreases in closeness are most dramatic from preadolescence to mid-adolescence and may reflect adolescents’ spending relatively less time with their parents and more time with their peers, which also occurs early during adolescence. Of note, girls report more declines in closeness with their parents than do boys. This gender difference may in part be due to girls ...

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