Replication is a key component of the scientific process that leads the investigator to refine, expand, or reject hypotheses. Replication practices can improve the strength of evidence for well-specified questions and provide new information above and beyond the sum of individual studies. This entry outlines strategies to promote replication in the conduct of research and within the publication process itself to advance an integrated theory of life-span development.

The Importance of Replication

The life-course perspective refers to a multidisciplinary paradigm for the study of people’s lives in relation to structural, social, and cultural contexts. It can be challenging to make sense of the results of replications in longitudinal research studies because there are many factors that potentially lead to differing results. Failed attempts to replicate results ...

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