Mental health is a broad concept that refers to an individual’s general sense of mental well-being and ability to function in expected roles on a daily basis. In the past and for the most part up to the present, professionals and the lay public alike have conflated the notion of mental health with mental illness; since the late 1990s, increasing attention has also been paid to the well-being aspect of mental health. The World Health Organization (WHO) underscores the importance of mental health to overall health by recognizing that mental health is not merely the absence of mental disorders, but rather it is a state of well-being in which people across the life span can realize their own abilities, cope with life’s normal stresses, work ...

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