Health Disparities, Transgender People

Health disparities and inequities arise from systematic exposure to social stressors that are a result of being part of a socially marginalized group (e.g., transgender). This entry describes health disparities from a social epidemiologic perspective, reviews key health disparities facing transgender people, identifies barriers to documenting and understanding health disparities, and reviews recommended measures to identify transgender people in health surveys in order to further future research in health disparities.


In this entry, the term transgender refers to people who have a current gender identity or expression that is different from their sex assigned at birth. Transgender comes from the Latin prefix trans—which means “across” or “beyond” (gender and sex different). The term cisgender refers to people who have a gender identity or expression that is ...

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