Transracial Versus Inracial Adoption

The term transracial adoptions refers to adoptions in which at least one parent is of a different race than the child. This entry addresses the prevalence of transracial adoptions among lesbian and gay parents, parents’ motivations to adopt across race, perceived challenges surrounding transracial adoption, comparisons of transracial and inracial (i.e., same-race) adoptive families with lesbian and gay parents, and outcomes for children adopted transracially by lesbian and gay adults.

Trends in Transracial Adoptions in the United States

Transracial adoptions are common adoptive placements, given that most prospective adoptive parents in the United States are White, whereas most children available for adoption (both in the United States and abroad) are of color. Despite historical controversy surrounding the politics and policies of transracial adoption, the broader literature on ...

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