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Transgender Youth and Family Relationships

This entry describes concerns and experiences of transgender youth and their families. It explains definitions related to gender identity and explores the importance of understanding transgender identities of youth in family relationships. This entry also explores the social and familial marginalization that transgender youth may experience and the roles of supportive parents in families.

Understanding Sex, Gender, and Gender Identity

Gender is the socially constructed classification of people as women or men determined by cultural norms. Gender identity refers to a person’s experience of their own gender. Each person is assigned a sex—male or female—at birth based on bodily characteristics, genitals, hormones, and chromosomes. About 1 in 1,500 to 1 in 2,000 babies are born with reproductive or sexual anatomy that doesn’t fit the cultural definitions of ...

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