Sperm Donors, Unknown

This entry focuses on the dynamics and motivations among lesbian, bisexual, and queer (LBQ) women who form their families via anonymous sperm donors. Issues addressed here are the prevalence of, reasons underlying, and family processes and outcomes related to this pathway to parenthood.

Prevalence of Unknown Donor Insemination

Anonymous donor sperm is more commonly used for insemination than known donor sperm. This is in part because the potential legal and psychological threats of involving a known biological father are irrelevant in the case of unknown donor insemination (DI)—this pathway to parenthood offers the possibility of legally fatherless children. Thus, for many LBQ women and couples, pursuing anonymous DI is relatively straightforward—female same-sex couples have reported to researchers that they feel it to be the safest and ...

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