Al-Manar (The Lighthouse) TV is the mouthpiece of Hezbollah (The Party of God), established between 1982 and 1986 as an umbrella organization uniting religious Shi’a groups in the wake of the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon. Al-Manar plays an important role in resisting the alliance between Israel, the United States, and its regional rival Saudi Arabia. Despite being censored, blocked, and bombed at every turn, the station continued to broadcast to the Middle East and beyond with the help of the Internet, thus fulfilling its aim to be the voice of the voiceless. This entry discusses Al-Manar as mobilized media, as well as its programming, sources, and relations with Israel and the United States. The entry also examines attacks against Al-Manar and its use of ...

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