“Recording” refers to written, aural, or visual evidence that has been preserved in some tangible medium. In journalism, the term is used to describe the practice of capturing and preserving selected elements of a news story. Journalists use recording devices to conduct interviews. Newspapers and magazines use transcriptions of verbatim statements of people or documents. Audio recordings preserve the voices of newsmakers. Photography and videography provide visual documentation of images of news events. All are recordings, but the word “recording” is used more specifically to refer to the preservation of words, sounds, images, and data using audio and video technologies.

Early recording systems used to store information include words on paper (symbols that inform the vocalization of human speech) and sheet music notations (instructions for singing ...

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