Printing is the reproduction of text and images in quantity on paper. Modern printing has become highly sophisticated and more digital in nature and has been transformed from art to science. New digital printing processes combine the use of advanced premedia systems (preparation of content for printing or publishing), lasers, plates, presses, inks, papers, electronic controls, and digital imaging and printing systems. This entry examines printing’s origins and summarizes different types of printing, including lithography, digital imaging, and ink-based processes, including but not limited to offset lithography, letterpress, and screen printing.


Printing from movable (or exchangeable) type appeared in China and Korea in the 11th century. The oldest known printed rather than manuscript text was printed from clay in Korea in 1397 BCE. In 1440, ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles