Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET)

The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was a computer network that existed between 1969 and 1990. It is considered the cornerstone of the Internet, since the latter mainly came about as a result of a wish to connect other data networks to the ARPANET. Furthermore, the ARPANET introduced many of the technologies associated with the Internet, including democratized information access, email, instant messaging, file transfer via the File Transfer Protocol (FTP), resource sharing, collaborative development, and distributed computing, as well as using software and storing files in the cloud. After the ARPANET first came into wide use in U.S. and European academic communities, many of its technologies became essential to the practice of journalism. For several decades after the ARPANET’s inception, photojournalists would use ...

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