Nigeria is one of the oldest nations in Africa to provide mass media to its citizens. Even before the arrival of newspapers, the people used numerous forms of traditional communication to disseminate news, information, and entertainment. During the colonial years (1901–1960), Nigeria became a pioneer for developing technology and structures for broadcasting and film in Africa. Although history and technology have changed the face of mass media in this country, there are a number of key issues surrounding journalism in Nigeria—several of which are discussed in this entry.


Mass media in Nigeria began in 1859 with the publication of the first newspaper, Iwe Iroyin (News Journal) under the auspices of the Christian Missionary Society. Many other newspapers, both private and government-owned, followed including The Nigerian Tribune ...

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